3D Secure 2 - All you need to know

3D Secure 2 - All you need to know


eCommerce and the digital payments industry have grown exponentially over the past 20 years. More and more devices have become connected and able to make or take payments, and consumers now have access to more ways to pay than ever before. With this growth in payments and digital commerce, the incidence of fraud has also grown, spurring the need for more robust fraud prevention mechanisms and payment security. That is where the original 3D Secure 1.0 came in.

What is 3D Secure?

 3D Secure (3DS1) came about to secure Card Not Present (CNP) transactions and minimise the incidence of card fraud. The security protocol protected buyers, issuers, and merchants by enabling them to validate online transactions. The verification could be done by requesting a personal code (usually sent to the buyer's cell phone or email address as a one-time PIN or push notification). However, the first version of 3DS was created at a time when connected devices were fewer and data was harder to accumulate. 

The increased data validation techniques, connected devices and the accelerated evolution of the digital payment space have necessitated an even more robust and seamless security protocol.

What is 3D Secure 2?

3D Secure 2.0 (also known as 3DS2, EMV 3-D Secure or 3D Secure 2.0) is the updated version of 3D Secure 1 technology. 3DS2 enables a real-time, secure information-sharing pipeline that merchants can use to send an unprecedented number of transaction data attributes. This data includes payment-specific data like the shipping address and contextual data, like the customer's device ID or previous transaction history. 

The issuer can then use the additional data to authenticate customers more accurately without asking for a static password or slowing down commerce. Moreover, 3DS2 was developed with more mobile devices in mind. It thus provided an improved mobile-first authentication level that caters to a better user experience.

Key advantages of 3DS2 over 3DS1

Frictionless Flow

3D Secure 2 uses frictionless authentication to allow card-issuing banks to verify cardholders and approve transactions without requiring manual input from the buyer. This authentication, faster and more accurate than the first version of 3D Secure, is achieved through risk-based authentication (RBA). It involves sending data about the cardholder and the transaction to the issuing bank and then comparing it to the cardholder's historical transactional data to determine fraud risk. 

If the risk is low, the payment is processed without the cardholder need to verify the transaction. If there is any risk, the cardholder will be challenged to provide additional input to authenticate the payment.

Non-Payment Authentication

3D Secure 2.0 enables the security of more than just online transactions. Non-payment authentication allows cardholder authentication without making a purchase, which helps add credit cards to e-wallets. 

Native Mobile Integration 

3D Secure 2 has added a mobile SDK component that allows merchants to integrate the 3D Secure process into their mobile apps, making the mobile checkout experience fast and seamless.

Overall better user experience

The 3D Secure 2 design allows dynamic authentication methods such as biometrics and token-based authentication, facilitating a faster and unobtrusive authentication process. For smartphone users and those with mobile banking apps, payment authentication can occur through their banking app using facial recognition or a fingerprint which is much more ideal. 

There are also no more page redirects with the authentication request. It instead appears as a modal on the checkout page. Hence, buyers no longer need to be redirected away from the checkout page to complete their payment which was previously associated with cart abandonment. 

What does the end of 3D Secure 1 mean?

From 14 October 2022, 3D Secure 1 will no longer be supported as a security protocol. Only authentication via 3D Secure 2 will be available from that date onwards. This international update affects credit and debit card payments worldwide. Banks and payment providers have been rolling out 3D Secure 2 in preparation for this cut-off date.

    • Related Articles

    • Do You Know About The E-Wallet

      What is the E-Wallet? This is an online wallet that allows customers to save their personal details as well as their card details in order to make future payments easily. How is this Important? Your customers can easily complete their payment to you ...
    • How To Apply For a DPO Card

      Powered by Mastercard, DPO Cards are prepaid physical cards available to existing Merchants helping them keep a healthy cash flow. The DPO Card allows the merchants to receive multi-currency settlements in real-time in Kenya and Tanzania, while in ...
    • How to send us your Bank Account Details.

      How to send us your Bank Account Details. We settle in the following currencies, USD, TZS, KES, ZAR, ZMW and Local currencies per country. If you would like us to upload your bank details, always send them in the following format. Bank Name Branch ...
    • How to Refund

      How To Launch a Refund What is a Refund? A Refund is an amount of money given back to the consumer after they have paid for a service. Types of Refund 1. Partial Refund This is when you refund a less amount back to the consumer. 2. Full Refund This ...
    • How To Launch a Direct Pay Transaction

      Charge your customers when they are in front of you or over the phone using our virtual terminal. One of the most secure payment method as you can verify your customer payments details as in direct contact with your customer (or in person). For ...